In fairness, it must be said that the deplorable “An Eye For An Eye, A Tooth For A Tooth” was a considerable improvement over what it replaced:
“You have broken my tooth; now therefore I come to kill you, sell your wives and children into slavery, burn your crops, kill your cattle, sow your fields with salt, and make your house a dunghill forever.”
Revenge says: If you break my window, I am entitled to come and break your window.
Justice says: If I break your window, I must come and restore your window.
Would that the Hittites (who were focused more upon equity than upon retribution) had had a greater influence upon our society than did their Abrahamic contemporaries.